How Does an Electric Bike Work

How Does an Electric Bike Work


Electric bikes or e-bikes are the motorised versions of normal push bikes that are an eco-friendly, quick, and cost-effective way to travel. Since prolonged cycling across terrains and over large distances can leave you exhausted and worn out, electric bikes can give you the option of commuting by expending less energy. Besides, travelling on an e-bike is environmentally friendly and helps you save significant sums of money in commuting. Comprising some extra components or parts such as an electric motor, an electric display, a battery, and a sensor, electric bikes can travel when all the components operate in unison.

A regular feature of all electric bikes is the presence of a pedal, which helps the motor to get activated when in motion. One might argue that an electric bike, similar to a push bike, allows the rider to get a workout albeit making the ride easy with the electric motor taking charge. So, should you be aiming to relax your tired legs from constant pedalling or climb uphill with ease, an electric bike can be the best option. Read the below-mentioned segment to know how electric bike works.

However, before knowing the working of an electric bike, it is important to know its main components.

Main components of an electric bike

An electric bike runs when all the components operate together. It comprises three main components:

Electric motor

This is the main driving force of any electric bike and can have different placements with each having its distinct advantage. The placements can be at the front hub, middle, or rear hub. The primary function of the motor is to provide torque while you pedal with its intensity depending on the quality of the motor. Simply put, the more torque the electric motor provides, the more power it generates for the bike to travel.


Again, the latent power given to the bike through the motor comes from the battery. It can be placed at different places on the bike depending on the frame size and type of the bike. The battery is chargeable and the charging time depends on the make, type, and model of the battery. However, the average charging time is generally between 2 to 8 hours, and the process is fairly easy – plugging into the wall similar to a mobile phone.


The fact that the electric motor comes into motion the moment you start pedalling is due to its sensor. It can be of two types; torque sensor and speed sensor. The torque sensor seems to be the smarter of the two, for it responds instantly by giving assistance in consonance to your speed while you are moving. With a torque motor, you can manoeuvre the bike well. On the other hand, the speed sensor is the lesser cousin of the two and starts functioning as soon as you begin pedalling.

How do the components work?

The key to knowing “how does an e-bike work” is in the details of its components working together. It is only when the battery, display, sensor, and motor combine to provide assistance that the electric bike whirrs into life. The e-bike comes into motion when the battery provides power to the electric motor, which in turn powers the drivetrain. The display unit shows the power sent by the motor to the drivetrain and the level of assistance provided. Using the display unit you can control the ebike in terms of the power needed. You may read our blog to know more about the features of an electric bike.

Types of Electric bikes

Electric bikes come in various types depending on the function they perform. These include mountain bikes, hybrid bikes, and commuting bikes. And choosing the one that suits your requirements is important to enjoy the best riding experience. The factors to consider while selecting the types of electric bikes are the terrain to travel, the mileage they offer, and the riding style, among others.

Mountain Bikes

 Mountain bikes are taking the UK cycling market by storm and there are reasons for it. The presence of an electric motor in such a bike allows you to hit the mountain trail with vengeance without having to worry about the steep terrain. Just control the power to the drivetrain from the display and enjoy your ride without feeling exhausted or worn out. These bikes have either front or full suspension and can tackle any rough ground or bump with relative ease. To offer a better off-road riding experience, electric mountain bikes come in different wheel sizes and frame geometries.

Hybrid bikes

Also known as trekking and town e-bikes, hybrid bikes are similar to pedal bikes but attached to a powerful motor to boost your pedal power. The lightweight motor allows you the extra push to travel in comfort over long distances or on steep terrains. It’s like pedalling a normal bike but when needed getting into the power mode to travel smoothly. It is a great bike for workouts wherein you can pedal and stop depending on your willingness to flex your muscles, literally. Some of these bikes may come with a front fork and suspension to absorb any bump while others may come with accessories like mudguards, built-in lights, locks, or pannier racks. With these bikes, you can ride in an upright or sportier position based on your preference and comfort.

Commuting folding bikes

As the name suggests, these bikes can be used for normal commuting to your workplace provided the riding is on smooth roads. These are lightweight ebikes with rigid forks and slick tyres to power you along the tarmac. These bikes can be easily folded and bundled into a car to be towed away for a weekend getaway. As the proverbial swiss army knife of the cycling world, commuting bikes can transform your commuting experience on city roads.


After knowing what are electric bikes, their types, and the
components they possess, it is time to know their usage. In other words, knowing about how to use an electric bike? So, to allow the electric motor to start, you must pedal the bike and then use the display unit on the handlebars to turn on the power and control its speed. The plus and minus buttons on the display or controller can be easily used to alter your speed.

These bikes may come with four assistance levels; tour, eco, turbo, and sports..


It’s simple. Just plug the detachable battery into any electric socket on the wall like a laptop or mobile phone, and the charging begins. Based on the model and make of the battery, the charging time can vary between 2 to 8 hours, and the battery can last up to 1000 charges.


Electric bikes have emerged as a cost-effective and eco-friendly way of commuting across terrains. In a day and age of rising pollution and the impact of greenhouse gases emitted from the tailpipes of automobiles, electric bikes provide the best option to travel. To know more about electric bikes, you may visit us at

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